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Sakkusu tenor sax

Sakkusu tenor sax reviewOrigin: China (
Guide price: £399
Weight: 3.62kg
Date of manufacture: 2017
Date reviewed: March 2018

A big-store branded Ultra-Cheap horn

Shop-branded horns - dontcha love 'em?
Back in the heyday of musical instrument retailing it wasn't uncommon for some of the larger shops to order in a batch of horns from a reputable manufacturer and have the store's brand engraved on them. This practice is known as stencilling - and while it provided a source of good-quality instruments at a saving over the manufacturer's branding, it often led (in later years) to some confusion as to who actually made the horns.
Hence barely a month goes by without someone emailing me to ask who made the J.Wisebender tenor or the Clancy Wiggins & Sons soprano.
Saxophone forums are full of such queries - which often descend into long and rambling threads that attempt to pin the identity of such horns onto such features as the bell key guards or the shape of the G# touchpiece. This is all very entertaining if you like that sort of thing, but most players seem interested only in whether a horn is good, gooder or goodest - which is about as sensible an approach as it gets.

The stencil situation hasn't changed much in modern times, other than the stores are fewer and farther between, and the source of the horns is more likely to be Taiwan or China. This adds yet another layer of obfuscation because, frankly, hardly anyone seems to know what goes on among the horn makers in this part of the world. Things reached a peak a few years ago when just about everyone was selling an own-branded Chinese horn - a situation that was exacerbated by virtue of the Chinese being willing to stamp a brand on surprisingly small orders.
Things have calmed down considerably since then - due in part to rising costs and reputable sellers becoming frustrated with the lack of consistency...but there are still a few brave souls who're flying the Ultra-Cheap flag, of which the Sakkusu is the latest to hit the bench.

Sakkusu tenor sax Low Bb tonehole burrsThe construction is standard fare - ribbed, with a few individual pillars that have decently-proportioned bases and are neatly fitted; detachable bell section with a triple-point bell brace; detachable semicircular compound bell key pillar; adjustable metal thumb hook and domed metal thumb rest; adjustable bell key bumpers; detachable F# key guard - which, rather curiously, is secured with a pair of steel screws as opposed to the normal brass ones - and a surprisingly large sling ring (16/9).
The assembly is good, it all looks rather tidy with no signs of sloppy soldering or malformed fittings.

The horn features, as expected, plain drawn toneholes - and to be honest, these weren't wonderful. Almost all of them exhibited burrs. Here's the low Bb tonehole, which has a burr on both the outside and the interior of the rim. These burrs are sharp (as demonstrated by the fingernail shavings) and will lead to increased pad wear and sticking as well as unreliable seating.
And almost all of them up to the top B were warped to some degree. To be fair, you're likely to run into this problem on any Ultra-Cheap horn but I'd say that the Sakkusu was just a little worse than average.

Sakkusu tenor low D warpThe low D tonehole in particular was a real doozy. Slight tonehole warps can be hard to spot with the naked and unpractised eye, but a repairer can usually spot quite shallow warps. This warp was in no sense shallow and stuck out like the proverbial sore thumb.
The blurb says that these horns are inspected when they're delivered to the shop, and then inspected again at the point of sale - so quite how this tonehole made it through the checks is something of a mystery.

Onto the action - and the review got off to a bad start here by virtue of the low Eb spring taking a lump out of my wrist.
They've got the placement of the spring cradle wrong, which means that the sharp and pointed tip of the spring sticks out past the key barrel by a few millimetres. This is very nasty, and means that if you drag your hand past this barrel it will impale itself on the spring. This is most likely to happen when (as I was) you're lifting the horn out of the case or putting it together. The resultant injury can be quite bad, and I've still got the scar some two weeks later.
It might seem like a small thing, but faults like this border on the dangerous. I tend to view minor hand injuries as an occupational hazard, and take appropriate steps to mitigate any nasty side-effects - but then when you're handling a bare body that's as about as tactile as a porcupine, it's pretty much a given that you're going to come a cropper every now and again. To suffer the same fate from a fully-assembled horn is a very different matter indeed.
Sakkusu tenor sax low Eb springThere are a number of ways to fix this; you can remove the cradle and refit it further round the key barrel, or you can bend the key arms to alter their relationship to the barrel...or you can simply heat the tip of the spring to red heat and bend an inward curve on it. Takes a couple of minutes and solves the problem nicely.

And speaking of springs (blued steel, incidentally), I noticed that quite a lot of them had been kinked.
Putting kinks in springs is generally frowned upon in the repair trade because it's said to weaken the integrity of the spring. In fact much depends on the spring's properties as to whether it will tolerate a kink or not, and in some cases it can have certain advantages.
Sakkusu tenor sax kinked springsThe most likely reason for kinking a spring is to allow it to avoid an obstruction 'twixt pillar and spring cradle - but none of the kinked spring were so hindered. What this means is that someone has kinked the springs in order to up the tension on them. Again, this is a valid technique where the spring is obstructed by an adjacent pillar and there's no other way to get the appropriate angle on the spring...but, again, none of the kinked spring were affected by nearby pillars.
It would seem, then, that someone just kinked them because that's what they do. It didn't seem to present any problem on this horn (at least not after a few months of use), but how they'll stand up over a longer period of time is anyone's guess.
Note the detachable compound bell key pillar - and the 'enclosed' fork connector on the side C key. This works in exactly the same way as a standard forked connector inasmuch as it's possible to crimp the forks together (or push them apart) to adjust the amount of free play in the connection. The only advantage (such as it is) of an enclosed connector is that it looks a bit neater and you're less likely to catch anything on the forks.

The action was reasonably snug. There was some play in the palm and side keys, and in the top stack, but it's not the worst I've seen...and it's as good as I've seen on far more expensive horns. For the price I'd say it was acceptable - and even the pseudo point screws had been fitted quite well. You get no stack regulation adjusters - but you do get height adjusters...though only on the lower stack. Sakkusu tenor regulation corkCan't really complain about that for the price.
The corkwork was typically Chinese - scruffy in places and secured with that weird glue that only they seem to use. It's soluble in cigarette lighter fluid and melts with heat at a very low temperature - so I suspect it's a very low melt point plastic adhesive. Either way it's not wonderful stuff, and seems to lose its grip at the sight of a drop of oil...or when the sun comes out.
You can see here, on the low D key, that it's all gone west already.

There's a Selmer-style swivelling octave key mech fitted, and it's not bad at all. Nice and slick in operation and quite well made too. A particularly nice feature is a bit of sculpting on the touchpiece, which makes it feel just a little more comfortable under the thumb.
Someone's bound to ask me what the horn is based on, and the answer is "I don't know". It seems more generic than other Chinese horns I've seen - at least in terms of the keywork - but if I really had to point a finger in one direction I'd say that it's influenced more by a Selmer than a Yamaha or a Yanagisawa.

The sales blurb says 'High quality Pisoni pads' have been used. I'll admit I was sceptical because the pads seemed really rather soft, which is not a quality Pisoni pads are generally associated with - so I took one out...and sure enough, it says Pisoni Mypads on the rear.
Sakkusu  tenor low Eb padI carry Mypads in stock - they're a general-purpose quality pad suitable for student/intermediate grade horns, and tend to be of a medium hardness. The pads fitted to the Sakkusu were much softer than this - about as soft as a Hermes pad...which is a brand that will send shivers down the spine of any repairer who's encountered them.
Why the difference? Well, the most likely reason is that when you order a significant quantity of pads from a maker you can probably specify your own parameters within a given price range/pad model - and in this case they've gone for a felt core that's probably listed in the catalogue as 'Rather Squishy'.
There are pros and cons to using such soft pads - mostly cons, it has to be said - but they're certainly useful if the toneholes are rather less than level. The don't so much seal the tonehole as smother them with a pillow. Of course, this has an unfortunate effect on how the action feels under the fingers. But given the state of the toneholes I'd say the choice of pads was probably sensible - though even the softest pad would have found it hard to cope with the warp on the low D tonehole.
Not that they didn't give it a damned good go, judging by the depth of the impressions in the pads. There's precious little shellac behind the pads (hey, at least it's shellac), so there's no chance that any of the pads have been floated in any kind of fashion - and it would appear that a combination of crude shims and very heavy compression has been used.
It'll just won't work for very long. At least long enough to sell the horn, I guess.

Wrapping up the keywork we have a set of concave plastic key pearls with a domed Bis Bb and flat ovals on the G# and side F#.
The whole outfit comes in box-style case, complete with the usual array of crappy zips. It's not the sleekest of cases but at least it's gives a fair amount of protection to the horn and has plenty of space inside for your bits and bobs.

Sakkusu tenor lacquerFinally, a quick word about the finish.
The horn is finished in gold lacquer - and from a distance it looks quite nice. However, close-up it's not so good - and some variation in colour is visible along with a few drips. Personally I wouldn't worry about it - but despite how cheap such horns are they don't generally exhibit such problems from new. If you spot lacquer blemishes on a horn in the shop, my advice would be to ask for a discount. 10% is a good bet.

The setup was quite poor. Even a quick flash of the leaklight showed quite a few leaks. Many of these were down to the pads having relaxed after being compressed, but some of them were due to regulation corks that had squashed, broken or simply slid off the keys. In all fairness it was probably much better than this at the point of sale - but then again it's equally fair to say that a proper setup involves averting future problems as well as dealing with existing ones. This horn was bought in December, so it's only three months old and hasn't seen a great deal of use - which just goes to show how quickly a poor setup can break down.
Sakkusu tenor sax octave keyOnce suitably tweaked the horn felt nicely balanced in the hands. The octave mech, with its sculpted touchpiece, is particularly noteworthy - as is the large sling ring. It might seem like a minor point, but a ring this large makes it so much easier to sling up a horn when you're swapping between horns on stage. Perhaps not a killer feature on such a cheap horn...but still a feature nonetheless.
The relatively decent action makes a big difference, though a lot of its response is lost because of the squishiness of the pads - and even after levelling the toneholes it doesn't have much of that nice 'poppy' feel. It's still not bad though.
At 3.62kg it tips the scales at the heavy end for a tenor, and that extra half a pound or so over the average soon makes its presence known around your neck.
Other than that, everything seemed to be where it ought to be and I doubt many people will have any issues with getting around the keys.

Tonewise the Sakkusu is OK. It comes across as 'steady' rather than 'exciting'. It's not bad, by any means, and tends to hover around a medium/warm presentation - but doesn't seem to have much of that "Blimey! It's only 10% worse than a Selmer/Yamaha/Yani" thing going on.
I'm in two minds about that. I can appreciate that first-timers will value a horn that's steady and undemanding, but one of the joys (and there aren't many) of an Ultra-Cheap horn is that it often has quite a lot of the poke of the horn it was copied from.
The tone was mostly even across the range, though I noticed some deadening on the top A. It's often a tricky note tonally, and there's nearly always a bit of a drop-off here, but it was more audible than usual. No problems with the tuning though.
Sakkusu tenor sax bellOther than that it's a fairly easy blow. Perhaps not as free-blowing as other horns but equally not as resistant as others. For its intended market it's probably just about right.
Bear in mind though that this is after a strip-down service and a hefty package of tweaks.

So, is it worth it?
Frankly it's borderline. The horn comes in at a quid shy of £400 - but you do get a sort of 'value pack' in the shape of a Yamaha mouthpiece and a tutorial DVD. I'd say this works out to about £40 retail. Then there's the seller's claim that the horn is inspected twice..and comes with a free service within the first year. So that adds value.
However, given the faults I found on this example I'm not so sure the inspections seem to add much to the value. Granted, you do kinda get what you pay for with an Ultra-Cheap horn, and there are always going to be a few niggles...but some issues go beyond 'you get what you pay for' and really ought to have been addressed in at least one of the checks.

In terms of the competition there's really only the Gear4Music tenor at this price point (in the UK, at least). Most companies seem to have given up on the extreme low-end of the market and have settled for selling not-so-ultra-cheap horns - probably on the basis that the build quality is less problematical. It's been a while since I've seen a recent example of a Gear4music tenor (anyone got one they'd like to bring in?) and their quality control has been patchy in the past - however, they've always tended to blow very well and have rather a lot of 'ooomph'. They're £70 cheaper too - though you get no extras, and no service beyond 'If you don't like it, send it back'.

Had I not found quite so many faults with the Sakkusu it would have been an easy win - but as it stands it still looks like it's worth spending out a bit extra on a proper which case you might as well go with the cheaper option. It's a tricky choice, I'll admit - but as the Sakkusu comes with a free service in the first year you could always have a repairer run up a proper inspection of the horn, then take it back to the shop to have the faults dealt with.

Copyright © Stephen Howard Woodwind 2018